Posts by: 爱德布克

Students for Fair Admissions v. Harvard 资料选辑


[More to be added…]

New Book: The Chinese Must Go: Violence, Exclusion, and the Making of the Alien in America, by Beth Lew-Williams

The Chinese Must Go: Violence, Exclusion, and the Making of the Alien in America, by Beth Lew-Williams. Harvard University Press 2018. ISBN 9780674976016

The American West erupted in anti-Chinese violence in 1885. Following the massacre of Chinese miners in Wyoming Territory, communities throughout California and the Pacific Northwest harassed, assaulted, and expelled thousands of Chinese immigrants. Beth Lew-Williams shows how American immigration policies incited this violence and how the violence, in turn, provoked new exclusionary policies. Ultimately, Lew-Williams argues, Chinese expulsion and exclusion produced the concept of the “alien” in modern America.

The Chinese Must Go begins in the 1850s, before federal border control established strict divisions between citizens and aliens. Across decades of felling trees and laying tracks in the American West, Chinese workers faced escalating racial conflict and unrest. In response, Congress passed the Chinese Restriction Act of 1882 and made its first attempt to bar immigrants based on race and class. When this unprecedented experiment in federal border control failed to slow Chinese migration, vigilantes attempted to take the matter into their own hands. Fearing the spread of mob violence, U.S. policymakers redoubled their efforts to keep the Chinese out, overhauling U.S. immigration law and transforming diplomatic relations with China.

By locating the origins of the modern American alien in this violent era, Lew-Williams recasts the significance of Chinese exclusion in U.S. history. As The Chinese Must Go makes clear, anti-Chinese law and violence continues to have consequences for today’s immigrants. The present resurgence of xenophobia builds mightily upon past fears of the “heathen Chinaman.”

Beth Lew-Williams is Assistant Professor of History at Princeton University.

“With scrupulous research and conceptual boldness, Lew-Williams applies the nuances of a ‘scalar’ lens to contrast anti-Chinese campaigns at local, regional, and national levels, producing a social history that significantly remakes the well-established chronology of Chinese exclusion by highlighting the role of anti-Chinese violence and vigilantism in advancing immigration controls on the Chinese from goals of restriction to exclusion.”—Madeline Y. Hsu, author of Asian American History: A Very Short Introduction

“The Chinese Must Go presents a powerful argument about racial violence that could not be more timely. It shows why nineteenth-century pogroms against the Chinese in the American West resonate today. White nationalists targeted Chinese immigrants as threats to their homes and jobs and blamed the American government for failing to seal the borders.”—Richard White, author of The Republic for Which It Stands: The United States during Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, 1865–1896

“Moving seamlessly from the local to the international, The Chinese Must Go offers a riveting, beautifully written new account of Chinese exclusion, one that foregrounds Chinese voices and experiences. A timely and important contribution to our understanding of immigration and the border.”—Karl Jacoby, Columbia University

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Violence of Exclusion
Part 1: Restriction
1. The Chinese Question
2. Experiments in Restriction
Part 2: Violence
3. The Banished
4. The People
5. The Loyal
Part 3: Exclusion
6. The Exclusion Consensus
7. Afterlives under Exclusion
Epilogue: The Modern American Alien
Appendix A: Sites of Anti-Chinese Expulsions and Attempted Expulsions, 1885–1887
Appendix B: Chinese Immigration to the United States, 1850–1904


詹姆斯·法罗斯(James Fallows),《大西洋》杂志著名记者,也算是中国问题专家。其长文《中国的大跃退》(China’s Great Leap Backward),作为封面文章,发表于《大西洋》2017年12月号。尽管是一年多以前的文章了,今天仍然值得推荐给尚未读过的朋友:

英文全文:China’s Great Leap Backward @ The Atlantic



中央宣传部原副部长、中央网信办原主任鲁炜 严重违纪被开除党籍和公职

来源:中央纪委监察部网站 发布时间:2018-02-13 18:25





施康强 译


Marcel Proust用普鲁斯特书里的事件和人物来说明这位作家的特点,其荒谬程度将不亚于把雷诺阿说成是一个画过妇女、儿童、花卉的人。雷诺阿之所以成为雷诺阿,并非因为他画了这些模特儿,而是因为他把任何模特儿都摆在某种虹彩一般绚丽的光线之中。普鲁斯特本人在写到贝戈特的时候曾经指出,作品的取材与天才的形成无关。天才能使任何材料增辉生色。贝戈特成长的家庭环境从表面上看是索然寡味的,但是贝戈特却用这个素材写出一部杰作。这是因为,借助他的大脑这部小机器,他能高翥远翔,从而象飞越沙漠的飞行员隐约看到在地面上看不出来的、埋在沙子底下的城廓一样,看到事物蕴藏的秘密。因此在谈论《追忆似水年华》之前,先要说明普鲁斯特为什么比任何人更善于“飞离”这个他似乎十分眷恋的世界。



Wise words: Books of the Year 2017

Politics and current affairs

The Retreat of Western Liberalism. By Edward Luce. Grove Atlantic; 234 pages; $24. Little Brown; £16.99
Few doubt that something big has happened in Western politics over the past two years, but nobody is sure what. Turmoil in Washington and London contrasts with centrist stability in Paris and (mostly) in Berlin. In this grim diagnosis Edward Luce, a Washington-based commentator, argues that the liberal order cannot be fixed without a clear view of what has gone wrong.

The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha: New Revised Standard Version. 5th Edition

For over 50 years students, professors, clergy, and general readers have relied on The New Oxford Annotated Bible as an unparalleled authority in Study Bibles. This fifth edition of the Annotated remains the best way to study and understand the Bible at home or in the classroom. This thoroughly revised and substantially updated edition contains the best scholarship informed by recent discoveries and anchored in the solid Study Bible tradition.

· Introductions and extensive annotations for each book by acknowledged experts in the field provide context and guidance.
· Introductory essays on major groups of biblical writings – Pentateuch, Prophets, Gospels, and other sections – give readers an overview that guides more intensive study.
· General essays on history, translation matters, different canons in use today, and issues of daily life in biblical times inform the reader of important aspects of biblical study.
· Maps and diagrams within the text contextualize where events took place and how to understand them.
· Color maps give readers the geographical orientation they need for understanding historical accounts throughout the Bible.
· Timelines, parallel texts, weights and measures, calendars, and other helpful tables help navigate the biblical world.
· An extensive glossary of technical terms demystifies the language of biblical scholarship.
· An index to the study materials eases the way to the quick location of information.





The Federal Judiciary: Strengths and Weaknesses. By Richard A. Posner

The Federal Judiciary: Strengths and Weaknesses. By Richard A. Posner.
Harvard University Press 2017.
ISBN: 0674975774, 9780674975774.

No sitting federal judge has ever written so trenchant a critique of the federal judiciary as Richard A. Posner does in this, his most confrontational book. Skewering the politicization of the Supreme Court, the mismanagement of judicial staff, the overly complex system of appeals, the threat of originalism, outdated procedures, and the backward-looking traditions of law schools and the American judicial system, Posner has written a cri de coeur and a battle cry. With the prospect that the Supreme Court will soon be remade in substantial, potentially revanchist, ways, The Federal Judiciary exposes the American legal system’s most troubling failures in order to instigate much-needed reforms.

Posner presents excerpts from legal texts and arguments to expose their flaws, incorporating his own explanation and judgment to educate readers in the mechanics of judicial thinking. This rigorous intellectual work separates sound logic from artful rhetoric designed to subvert precedent and open the door to oblique interpretations of American constitutional law. In a rebuke of Justice Antonin Scalia’s legacy, Posner shows how originalists have used these rhetorical strategies to advance a self-serving political agenda. Judicial culture adheres to an antiquated traditionalism, Posner argues, that inhibits progressive responses to threats from new technologies and other unforeseen challenges to society.

With practical prescriptions for overhauling judicial practices and precedents, The Federal Judiciary offers an unequaled resource for understanding the institution designed by the founders to check congressional and presidential power and resist its abuse.

Time Magazine: The 100 Best Young-Adult Books of All Time [Full List]

Time Magazine’s 100 Best Young-Adult Books of All Time [Click book’s cover image or title to go to its Amazon web-page. Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate this website would earn from qualifying purchases through links to Amazon.]


Little Women 


Alcott, Louisa May. Little Women

The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian

Alexie, Sherman. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian

City of the Beasts

Allende, Isabel. City of the Beasts

The Chronicles of Prydain

Alexander, Lloyd. The Chronicles of Prydain (series)

Tiger Lily

Anderson, Jodi Lynn. Tiger Lily


Anderson, Laurie Halse. Speak


Anderson, M.T. Feed

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

Baum, L. Frank. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz *

Dangerous Angels

Block, Francesca Lia. Dangerous Angels (the Weetzie Bat Books)

Are You There God? It’s Me, Margaret

Blume, Judy. Are You There God? It’s Me, Margaret


Bosch, Pseudonymous. Secret (series) *

The Illustrated Man

Bradbury, Ray. The Illustrated Man

For Freedom: The Story of a French Spy

Bradley, Kimberly Brubaker. For Freedom: The Story of a French Spy

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

Carroll, Lewis. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland *

Boy Proof

Castellucci, Cecil. Boy Proof

Cleary, Beverly. Beezus and Ramona *


Clements, Andrew. Frindle *

The Hunger Games

Collins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games

The Grey King

Cooper, Susan. The Grey King *

The Chocolate War

Cormier, Robert. The Chocolate War

Whale Talk

Crutcher, Chris. Whale Talk

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory

Dahl, Roald. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory *

Danny the Champion of the World

Dahl, Roald. Danny the Champion of the World *


Dahl, Roald. Matilda *

The Miraculous Journey of Edward Tulane

DiCamillo, Kate. The Miraculous Journey of Edward Tulane *

DiCamillo, Kate. The Tiger Rising *

A Northern Light

Donnelly, Jennifer. A Northern Light

Fitzhugh, Louise. Harriet the Spy *

Forbes, Esther. Johnny Tremain: A Story of Boston in Revolt

The Diary of a Young Girl

Frank, Anne. The Diary of a Young Girl

The Thief Lord

Funke, Cornelia. The Thief Lord

The Graveyard Book

Gaiman, Neil. The Graveyard Book

The Fault in Our Stars

Green, John. The Fault in Our Stars

Looking for Alaska

Green, John. Looking for Alaska

Lord of the Flies

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies

The Princess Bride

Goldman, William. The Princess Bride

Grahame, Kenneth. The Wind in the Willows *

Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time

Hardinge, Frances. The Lost Conspiracy

The Outsiders

Hinton, S. E. The Outsiders

Hughes, Richard. A High Wind in Jamaica

Jones, Diana Wynne. Dogsbody

The Phantom Tollbooth

Juster, Norton. The Phantom Tollbooth *

Alabama Moon

Key, Watt. Alabama Moon

A Separate Peace

Knowles, John. A Separate Peace

Konigsburg, E. L. From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler *

LeGuin, Ursula. A Wizard of Earthsea

To Kill a Mockingbird

Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird

A Wrinkle in Time

L’Engle, Madeleine. A Wrinkle in Time

Leviathan, David. Every Day

The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe

Lewis, C.S. The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe *

London, Jack. The Call of the Wild

The Giver

Lowry, Lois. The Giver

Number the Stars

Lowry, Lois. Number the Stars *

Saffy’s Angel

McKay, Hilary. Saffy’s Angel


Meyer, Stephanie. Twilight

Anne of Green Gables

Montgomery, L. M. Anne of Green Gables

Morpurgo, Michael. Private Peaceful

Myers, Walter Dean. Fallen Angels

Myers, Walter Dean. Monster

Nelson, Marilyn. A Wreath for Emmett Till

Ness, Patrick. The Knife of Never Letting Go

Ness, Patrick. A Monster Calls

Nix, Garth. Sabriel

O’Brien, Robert C. Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of Nimh *

Palacio, R. J. Wonder *

Paterson, Katherine. Bridge to Terabithia *

Paterson, Katherine. Jacob Have I Loved

Paulsen, Gary. Hatchet *

Poe, Edgar Allan. Tales of Mystery and Imagination

Pullman, Phillip. The Golden Compass

Pullman, Philip. His Dark Materials

Raskin, Ellen. The Westing Game *

Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan. The Yearling

Riordan, Rick. Percy Jackson and the Olympians

Harry Potter

Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter (series)

Ryan, Pam Munoz. Esperanza Rising *


Sachar, Louis. Holes

Salinger, J. D. The Catcher in the Rye

Scott, Michael. The Alchemyst: The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel

Selznick, Brian. The Invention of Hugo Cabret *

Sís, Peter. The Wall: Growing Up Behind the Iron Curtain

Snicket, Lemony. A Series of Unfortunate Events (series) *

Speare, Elizabeth George. The Witch of Blackbird Pond

Stead, Rebecca. When You Reach Me *

Stewart, Trenton Lee. The Mysterious Benedict Society *

Taylor, Mildred D. Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry

Thompson, Craig. Blankets

Tolkien, J.R.R. The Hobbit

Tolkien, J.R.R. The Lord of the Rings

Travers, P. L. Mary Poppins *

Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Whaley, John Corey. Where Things Come Back

Charlotte’s Web

White, E.B. Charlotte’s Web *

White, T. H. The Sword in the Stone

Wilder, Laura Ingalls. Little House on the Prairie *

Yang, Gene Luen. American Born Chinese

Yang, Gene Luen. Boxers and Saints

Zindel, Paul. The Pigman

The Book Thief

Zusak, Markus. The Book Thief


Note: Starred titles are not really for “young-adult” readers, but for younger readers, according to some people’s opinion.

See also: Time Magazine: The 100 Best Children’s Books of All Time

Time Magazine: The 100 Best Children’s Books of All Time [Full List]

Time Magazine’s 100 Best Children’s Books of All Time [Click book’s cover image or title to go to its Amazon web-page. Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate this website would earn from qualifying purchases through links to Amazon.]

Miss Nelson is Missing

Allard, Harry. Miss Nelson is Missing

Anno's Journey

Anno, Mitsumasa. Anno’s Journey

Mr. Popper's Penguins

Atwater, Richard and Florence. Mr. Popper’s Penguins

Jenny and the Cat Club

Averill, Esther. Jenny and the Cat Club

Extra Yarn

Barnett, Mac. Extra Yarn

Base, Graeme. Animalia

Becker, Aaron. Journey


Bemelmans, Ludwig. Madeline (series)

Berenstain, Stan and Jan. The Berenstain Bears (series)

A Bear Called Paddington

Bond, Michael. A Bear Called Paddington

Brown, Margaret Wise. The Color Kittens

Goodnight Moon

Brown, Margaret Wise. Goodnight Moon

Brown, Margaret Wise. The Important Book

Brown, Margaret Wise. The Runaway Bunny

Bradfield, Roger. Hello, Rock

Brown, Marc. Arthur’s Nose (series)

Burton, Virginia Lee. Katy and the Big Snow

Mike Mulligan and His Steam Shovel

Burton, Virginia Lee. Mike Mulligan and His Steam Shovel

Cannon, Janell. Stellaluna

Carle, Eric. The Very Hungry Caterpillar

Miss Rumphius

Cooney, Barbara. Miss Rumphius

Click, Clack, Moo

Cronin, Doreen. Click, Clack, Moo

Day, Alexandra. Good Dog, Carl

The Day the Crayons Quit

Daywalt, Drew. The Day the Crayons Quit

Deacon, Alexis. Slow Loris

de Brunhoff, Jean. The Story of Babar

Donaldson, Julia. The Gruffalo

Draper, Sharon M. Out of My Mind

Go Dog, Go

Eastman, P. D. Go Dog, Go


Falconer, Ian. Olivia


Freeman, Don. Corduroy

French, Jackie. Diary of a Wombat

Millions of Cats

Gag, Wanda. Millions of Cats

Gannett, Ruth Stiles. My Father’s Dragon

The Cat in the Hat

Geisel, Theodore. The Cat in the Hat

Geisel, Theodore. Green Eggs and Ham

The Lorax

Geisel, Theodore. The Lorax

Geisel, Theodore. Oh, the Places You’ll Go!

Yertle the Turtle

Geisel, Theodore. Yertle the Turtle

Gomi, Taro. Everyone Poops

Henkes, Kevin. Lilly’s Purple Plastic Purse

Hills, Tad. How Rocket Learned to Read

Hoban, Russell. Bread and Jam for Frances

Holling, Holling Clancy. Paddle-to-the-Sea

Mama Don't Allow

Hurd, Thacher. Mama Don’t Allow

Harold and the Purple Crayon

Johnson, Crockett. Harold and the Purple Crayon

Joyce, William. The Fantastic Flying Books of Mr. Morris Lessmore

Kalman, Maira. Sayonara, Mrs. Kackleman

The Snowy Day

Keats, Ezra Jack. The Snowy Day

Whistle for Willie

Keats, Ezra Jack. Whistle for Willie

I Want My Hat Back

Klassen, Jon. I Want My Hat Back

Knudsen, Michelle. Library Lion

Lamorisse, Albert. The Red Balloon

The Story of Ferdinand

Leaf, Munro. The Story of Ferdinand

Lee, Dennis. Alligator Pie

Lindgren, Astrid. Pippi Longstocking

Litwin, Eric. Pete the Cat (series)

Frog and Toad

Lobel, Arnold. Frog and Toad (series)

Lowrey, Janette Sebring. The Poky Little Puppy

Chicka Chicka Boom Boom

Martin, Jr. Bill. Chicka Chicka Boom Boom

Blueberries for Sal

McCloskey, Robert. Blueberries for Sal

Make Way for Ducklings

McCloskey, Robert. Make Way for Ducklings

Winnie the Pooh

Milne, A. A. Winnie the Pooh

Little Bear

Minarik, Else Holmelund. Little Bear

Mosel, Arlene. Tikki Tikki Tembo

Munsch, Robert. Love You Forever

Muth, Jon J. The Three Questions

Myers, Walter Dean. Jazz

Nelson, Kadir. We Are the Ship

Numeroff, Laura Joffe. If You Give a Mouse a Cookie

Oxenbury, Helen and Rosen, Michael. We’re Going on a Bear Hunt

Parish, Peggy. Amelia Bedelia

Piper, Watty. The Little Engine That Could

The Tale of Peter Rabbit

Potter, Beatrix. The Tale of Peter Rabbit

Prelutsky, Jack. The New Kid on the Block

Say, Allen. Grandfather’s Journey

Scarry, Richard. Cars and Trucks and Things That Go

Scheer, Julian. Rain Makes Applesauce

Scieszka, Jon. The Stinky Cheese Man and other Fairly Stupid Tales

The True Story of the 3 Little Pigs

Scieszka, Jon. The True Story of the 3 Little Pigs

Sendak, Maurice. In the Night Kitchen

Where the Wild Things Are

Sendak, Maurice. Where the Wild Things Are

The Giving Tree

Silverstein, Shel. The Giving Tree

Where the Sidewalk Ends

Silverstein, Shel. Where the Sidewalk Ends

Srinivasan, Divya. Little Owl’s Night

Stead, Philip C. A Sick Day for Amos McGee

Brave Irene

Steig, William. Brave Irene

Steig, William. Sylvester and the Magic Pebble


Thompson, Kay. Eloise

Press Here

Tullet, Herve. Press Here

The Garden of Abdul Gasazi

Van Allsburg, Chris. The Garden of Abdul Gasazi

Van Allsburg, Chris. The Stranger

Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day

Viorst, Judith. Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day

Wiesner, David. Tuesday

Willems, Mo. Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus

Willems, Mo. Elephant and Piggie (series)

Wright, Blanche Fisher. The Real Mother Goose

Owl Moon

Yolen, Jane. Owl Moon

Young, Ed. Lon Po Po

Zion, Gene. Harry the Dirty Dog

See also: Time Magazine: The 100 Best Young-Adult Books of All Time

Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate this website would earn from qualifying purchases through links to Amazon.


来源:最高人民法院网,发布时间:2017-01-14 18:47:27。《人民法院报》2017年1月15日,第1、4版。

全国高级法院院长会议在京召开 周强强调



1986年,最高人民法院在六届人大四次会议工作报告中说:“在经济活动领域内,一些干部……把法律当成保护本地区局部利益的工具。……如果法院判决本地应偿还外地的债务,就不高兴,就指责法院‘胳膊肘往外拐’;甚至阻挠法院对一些案件的受理、判决和执行。”这是第一次在国家最高议事议政仪式上提出地方保护主义话题。1988年七届全国人大一次会议上,以上现象在最高法院的工作报告中被正式称谓为“地方保护主义”。[1]自1988年开始到2001年的历年全国人大会上的最高法院工作报告,都批评“地方保护主义”对法院审判、执行的干预。对当代中国民商事审判进行观察的西方学者,在审判不公、法官滥用权力的归因上,亦多认为系出于体制所导致的司法地方保护主义(local protectionism)。[2]对于司法地方保护主义的批评,逐渐演化为一种控制性话语形态,成为主导1990年代末启动司法体制改革以来,直到晚近,对中国司法政治治理进行重构的基本叙事。




High fliers: Books of the Year 2016

The best books of 2016 are about China, language, microbes, hereditary power, inequality and medieval manuscripts

Politics and current affairs

China’s Future. By David Shambaugh. Polity; 195 pages; $19.95 and £14.99
No country has modernised its economy without also becoming a democracy. A respected American political scientist asks whether China can break the mould.

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