社会科学 · SOCIAL SCIENCES

《经济学家》2014年最佳图书

《经济学家》2014年最佳图书

参考:《经济学家》年度最佳图书:2011;2012;2013;2015。 The best books of 2014 were about the South China Sea, the fall of the Berlin Wall, Kaiser Wilhelm II, the publishing of “Ulysses” and capitalism in the 21st century Politics and current affairs The People’s Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited. By Louisa Lim. Oxford University Press; 248 pages; $24.95 and £16.99. Buy from Amazon.com Twenty-five years after the bloodshed in Beijing, new details keep emerging. This reconstruction, by a correspondent for America’s National Public Radio, is as important for Western readers as it is for the new Chinese generation that has grown up since 1989 and knows little…

约翰·萨顿:《垄断的秘密:沉没成本与市场结构》

约翰·萨顿:《垄断的秘密:沉没成本与市场结构》

★ 社会思想译丛 ★ 新书讯 约翰·萨顿(John Sutton):《垄断的秘密:沉没成本与市场结构》(Sunk Costs and Market Structure: Price Competition, Advertising, and the Evolution of Concentration),艾佳慧、贾绅译,北京大学出版社2014年。ISBN: 9787301242353. @豆瓣 @小组 《垄断的秘密:沉没成本与市场结构》一书在近年来支配了产业组织文献的博弈理论模型与传统的结构/产品/绩效范式(由贝恩及其理论继承者发展而成)倡导的实证研究主题之间搭建了一座桥梁。 由于很多理论结果被证明其依赖于很难被测定的市场特征,一些观察者认为博弈论文献不能为构成20世纪50年代以来该主题的跨行业实证研 究提供理论基础。运用当前的博弈理论模型,约翰·萨顿重新检验了传统研究主题。他指出, 尽管许多结果具有“微妙”的性质,但在合理改变 模型设定时,存在一些被证明是相当稳健可靠的理论预测。因此,当我们在范围很大的跨行业间寻找统计规律性时,应当考虑这些结果。 萨顿收集了一个行业研究“矩阵”,包括6个国家(法国、德国、意大利、日本、英国和美国)和食品饮料部门中的20个行业。为解释产业结构的演化,他结合理论、计量证据以及在细节上展示各不相同的结构演化模式以发现在复杂的产业结构演化中博弈论进路的长处和局限。

理查德·波斯纳:《资本主义民主的危机》

理查德·波斯纳:《资本主义民主的危机》

理查德·波斯纳文集 ★ 新书讯 理查德·波斯纳:《资本主义民主的危机》(The Crisis of Capitalist Democracy),李晟译,北京大学出版社2014年。@豆瓣 @小组 本书是波斯纳关于2008年全球金融危机的第二本著作。作为《资本主义的失败》的后续,《资本主义民主的危机》进一步深入到经济学的理论语境当中,不仅从现实层面对于奥巴马政府的危机应对政策做出了细致分析和犀利批评,还从理论层面讨论了金融危机的形成与发展所带来的启示,在此基础上提出了有建设性的改革措施,建议通过经济、法律、公共政策等多方面手段加强政府的金融监管,并展望了后危机时代的前景。波斯纳指出,金融危机不仅反映了投资者与公众面对泡沫时的盲动,更显示出政府放松监管背景下金融本身的危险性和当下经济学学术发展的误区,以及美国政治结构内在的低效、分裂与冲突,因而不仅是经济危机,更是资本主义民主的危机。

Francis Fukuyama: <em>Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy</em>.

Francis Fukuyama: Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy.

Francis Fukuyama: Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2014. ISBN: 0374227357; 9780374227357. 弗朗西斯·福山:《政治秩序与政治衰败:从工业革命到民主全球化》 The second volume of the bestselling landmark work on the history of the modern state Writing in The Wall Street Journal, David Gress called Francis Fukuyama’s Origins of Political Order “magisterial in its learning and admirably immodest in its ambition.” In The New York Times Book Review, Michael Lind described the book as “a major achievement by one of the leading public intellectuals of our time.” And in The Washington Post, Gerard DeGrott exclaimed “this…

<em>Economic Analysis of Law</em>, 9th edition, by Richard A. Posner

Economic Analysis of Law, 9th edition, by Richard A. Posner

理查德·波斯纳《法律的经济学分析》第9版: Economic Analysis of Law, Ninth Edition. By Richard A. Posner Wolters Kluwer Law & Business 2014. ISBN: 9781454833888; 1454833882. Economic Analysis of Law is lucid, comprehensive, and definitive in its field, covering every aspect of economic analysis of the law. This Casebook Features: • The preeminent work in the field, covering the legal-economic perspective on all key areas, from common law to the Constitution • Highly distinguished author, the pioneer in law and economics analysis • Accessible, lucid, and user-friendly writing and organization: o Non-quantitative approach does not assume or require prior knowledge of economics or mathematics o Part…

《经济学家》2013年最佳图书

《经济学家》2013年最佳图书

参考:《经济学家》年度最佳图书:2011;2012;2014;2015。 分为政治、传记、历史、经济、科技、文化、小说七类: Politics and current affairs My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel. By Ari Shavit. Spiegel & Grau; 464 pages; $28. To be published in Britain by Scribe in February; £20. Drawing on interviews, historical documents, diaries and letters, as well as his own family story, Ari Shavit, a Tel Aviv newspaper columnist mines four generations of history to tease out the conflicts and contradictions in his controversial homeland. A passionate elegy.

沈明:经济危机与经济学的危机

沈明:经济危机与经济学的危机

经济危机与经济学的危机:从波斯纳的研究切入 Economic Crisis and Economics’s Crisis: A Critique Inspired by Richard Posner’s Studies 内容提要:作为一九三〇年代经济大萧条之后的最严重经济衰退,始于二〇〇八年的经济危机事实上已经成为另一场经济萧条。这场灾难的根本原因在于资本主义经济制度内在的系统风险,因此它标志着以自由市场竞争为基本特征的资本主义制度遭遇了一次重大失败。除了担负经济监管职能的政府之外,经济学职业界对这场危机负有不可推卸的责任。过去三十年间的主流经济学特别是宏观经济学和金融理论研究在方法论上存在重大缺陷,有用的理论建树乏善可陈。经济学职业界在经济危机爆发前后的表现均令公众大失所望,凸显了这一学术领域所面临的危机。当下的经济危机和经济学危机为中国经济发展和经济学研究提供了教训与启示。中国经济学界尤其应当警惕市场原教旨主义在认识论上的谬误和实践中的危害。经济学等社会科学研究者必须约束意识形态前见,以实用主义的态度面对并致力于解决真实世界中的问题,并不断寻求新知,追求自我超越。 Abstract: As the most severe economic recession after the Great Depression, 2008 economic crisis has turned out to be another depression. The fundamental reason of the calamity is the internal systematic risks of capitalist economy; the crisis therefore symbolizes a remarkable failure of capitalism whose key feature is free market. In addition to governments in charge of economic regulation, economics profession must claim an inescapable responsibility for the bust. In past three or so decades, mainstream economics, particularly macroeconomics and financial theories, have demonstrated serious methodological…

苏力主编:《法律和社会科学》第八卷

苏力主编:《法律和社会科学》第八卷

《法律和社会科学》[Law and Social Sciences] 第八卷,苏力主编,法律出版社 2012年。 购买:亚马逊;当当网。 主题讨论:基层社会与司法 农田水利纠纷与乡村秩序:鄂中w村调查/焦长权 “彻底解释”农民的地权观/朱晓阳 人民法庭对绅权的转化和替代/孟庆友 基层法院办案方式的转变(1982-2008年)/朱涛 基层法院“送法下乡”的行为逻辑——以对西北某基层法院的观察为例/葛峰 评论 “地方政府都市化”策略下的户籍制度改革——以重庆户籍改革为切入点/卢 超 信息成本下的公共执法与私人参与——从“钓鱼执法”事件切入/昊义龙 网络舆情中的风险、认知与规制/胡 凌 批评:两湖平原“混混”研究 法律能否治理“混混”/王启梁/ “乡村江湖”的兴起如何可能/林辉煌 巨变年代的底层、基层与经验研究/易江波 对“混混”研究的质疑/侯猛

约翰·卓贝克(编):《规范与法律》

约翰·卓贝克(编):《规范与法律》

★ 社会思想译丛 ★ 新书讯 约翰·卓贝克(John N. Drobak)(编):《规范与法律》(Norms and the Law),杨晓楠、涂永前译,北京大学出版社2012年。ISBN: 9787301199541. @豆瓣 @小组 购买:亚马逊中国;当当网。 内容简介 本书包含了来自法律、经济学和政治学等不同领域的世界知名学者对法律和规范之间的关系提出的观点。作者们从法律、法律史、新古典经济学、博弈论、政治学、认知科学和哲学等广泛的视角,运用不同的方法对此进行了分析。这些文章探讨了规范和法律在四种语境下的关系。第一部分的文章从认知科学和行为经济学的角度分析了对法律有影响的规范。在第二部分,作者们运用三种不同类型的共有财产来分析合作的规范。第三部分的文章分析了规范对司法机构施加的限制。最后也就是第四部分探讨了正式的法律对规范的影响。

罗伯托·曼加贝拉·昂格尔:《觉醒的自我:解放的实用主义》

罗伯托·曼加贝拉·昂格尔:《觉醒的自我:解放的实用主义》

★ 社会思想译丛 ★ 新书讯 罗伯托·曼加贝拉·昂格尔(Roberto Mangabeira Unger):《觉醒的自我:解放的实用主义》(The Self Awakened: Pragmatism Unbound),谌洪果译,北京大学出版社2012年。ISBN: 9787301167380. @豆瓣 @小组 购买:亚马逊中国;当当网。 内容简介 在哪种世界上,为了哪种思想,时间才是真实的,历史才是开放的,新奇才是可能的?在哪种世界上,为了哪种思想,人类自找麻烦而非远离麻烦才是有意义的?在这部期待已久的一般哲学著作中,罗伯托·曼加贝拉·昂格尔对有关自然、心智、社会、政治和宗教的既有观念提出了某种彻底的重新定向。他指出,如果我们要做到恰当对待我们那些最为独特的当代经验、发现和理想,我们就必须做出怎样的改变。《觉醒的自我》充分动用几个哲学传统的资源,并针对实用主义这一当今最具影响的传统,发掘出一些前所未闻的革命性内涵。 本书尽量避免高深术语和故弄玄虚,并已充分的理由表明哲学是最高的智力竞争活动,坚持认为哲学的力量应该用来处理那些最重要的问题。 书评 罗伯托·昂格尔是我们时代少有的极具原创性的政治哲学家之一。他的著作《觉醒的自我》简洁洗练,深入浅出,用一种独特的立场来看待政治哲学的一个重要问题,并阐发了该立场对于我们时代的各种政治困境的意义。该书为他的复杂深邃的思考提供了最好的入门引导。对于那些不愿走回头路的勇敢的世俗人文主义者来说,本书为那种重要的对话做出了一个重要的贡献。——布鲁斯·阿克曼,耶鲁大学法律和政治科学斯特林教授,《国父们的失误》作者

《经济学家》2011年最佳图书

《经济学家》2011年最佳图书

参考:《经济学家》年度最佳图书:2012;2013;2014;2015。 分为政治、传记、经济、历史、科技、文化、小说、诗歌八类(封面图片链接至 Amazon): The best books of 2011 were about China, Congo, Afghanistan, Charles Dickens, Vincent van Gogh, the “Flora Delanica”, Jerusalem, Mumbai’s dance bars, quantum physics, sugar, orgasms, blue nights, two moons and other people’s money Politics and current affairs Exceptional People: How Migration Shaped Our World and Will Define Our Future. By Ian Goldin, Geoffrey Cameron and Meera Balarajan. Princeton University Press; 352 pages; $35 and £24.95 Few things will affect our future more than migration. By calculating the how, where and why of future labour shortages, the authors analyse the costs and benefits of human migration.

<em>Thinking, Fast and Slow</em>. By Daniel Kahneman

Thinking, Fast and Slow. By Daniel Kahneman

Thinking, Fast and Slow. By Daniel Kahneman. Farrar, Straus and Giroux 2011. 512 pages. ISBN: 0374275637; 9780374275631 购买本书@亚马逊 Daniel Kahneman, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his seminal work in psychology that challenged the rational model of judgment and decision making, is one of our most important thinkers. His ideas have had a profound and widely regarded impact on many fields—including economics, medicine, and politics—but until now, he has never brought together his many years of research and thinking in one book. In the highly anticipated Thinking, Fast and Slow, Kahneman takes us on a groundbreaking tour…

<em>The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined</em>. By Steven Pinker

The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined. By Steven Pinker

The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined. By Steven Pinker. Viking Adult 2011. 832 pages. ISBN: 0670022950; 9780670022953 购买本书@亚马逊 The author of The New York Times bestseller The Stuff of Thought offers a controversial history of violence. Faced with the ceaseless stream of news about war, crime, and terrorism, one could easily think we live in the most violent age ever seen. Yet as New York Times bestselling author Steven Pinker shows in this startling and engaging new work, just the opposite is true: violence has been diminishing for millennia and we may be living in the…

<em>Beyond the Middle Kingdom: Comparative Perspectives on China’s Capitalist Transformation</em>. Edited by Scott Kennedy

Beyond the Middle Kingdom: Comparative Perspectives on China’s Capitalist Transformation. Edited by Scott Kennedy

Beyond the Middle Kingdom: Comparative Perspectives on China’s Capitalist Transformation. Edited by Scott Kennedy. Stanford University Press 2011. ISBN: 9780804769570; 9780804769587; 0804769575; 0804769583. This book breaks new ground by systematically examining China’s capitalist transformation through several comparative lenses. The great majority of research on China to date has consisted of single-country studies. This is the result of the methodological demands of studying China and a sense of the country’s distinctiveness due to its grand size and long history. The moniker Middle Kingdom, a direct translation of the Chinese-language word for China, is one of the most prominent symbols of the…

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